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Universal Bread Maker, Model 4

Display: Bakers' Secrets
Culinary Technique: mixing

Date: c. 1910

Manufacturer: Landers, Frary and Clark

Location: New Britain, Connecticut

Dimensions: 14" h x 17" w x 12" d

Watch collection donor Mel Mickevic demonstrate this object with
Dean Christopher Koetke, School of Culinary Arts, Kendall College,
and Victoria Matranga, exhibition curator.

This bread maker had a dough capacity for four loaves and was awarded a gold metal at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fair in St. Louis, Missouri, for its innovative design. The hand-cranked dough hook resembles hooks in today's electric bread machines.

The lid includes these directions for the cook: "Cover with this when raising Put in all liquids first then flour Turn 3 minutes Raise in pail After raising turn until dough forms a ball Take off cross piece Lift out dough with kneader."